About Jigsaw Puzzle
A jigsaw puzzle is a type of jigsaw puzzle that requires the assembly of many small, usually odd-shaped, interlocking and inlaid pieces. Each piece usually has a small part of the picture; when completed, the puzzle will generate a complete picture. In some cases, more advanced types have appeared on the market, such as spherical puzzles and puzzles that display optical illusions.
The puzzle was originally created by drawing a picture on a flat rectangular piece of wood, and then using the puzzle to cut the picture into small pieces, hence the name. John Spilsbury, a cartographer and engraver in London, commercialized puzzles around 1760. Since then, puzzles have been mainly made of cardboard.
Typical images found in jigsaw puzzles include scenes from nature, buildings, and repeated designs. Castles and mountains are two traditional themes. However, any kind of picture can be used to make jigsaw puzzles; some companies propose to turn personal photos into jigsaw puzzles. The completed puzzle can also be attached to the backing with adhesive and used as a work of art.
In recent years, a series of puzzle accessories have appeared, including boards, boxes, frames and roller shutters, designed to help puzzle lovers. Some puzzle enthusiasts think that it is bad form (violating the rules) to look at the pictures on the box while the puzzle is in the puzzle, but most people think that it is completely normal to look at the box.
Most modern puzzles are made of cardboard because they are easier and cheaper to mass produce than original wooden models. An enlarged photo or printed copy of a painting or other two-dimensional artwork is glued to cardboard before cutting. The plate is then fed into the press. The press forces a set of hardened steel blades of the desired shape through the plate until it is completely cut. This process is similar to using cookie cutters to make special-shaped cookies. However, the forces involved are much greater. A typical 1000 piece puzzle requires a press, which can generate up to 700 tons of force to push the tool of the puzzle mold through the board. The jigsaw mold consists of a flat plate, usually made of plywood, with cut or fired grooves in the same shape as the knives that will be used. These knives are placed in the slot and covered on a compressible material, usually foam rubber, whose function is to eject the cut puzzle.
New technology makes laser cutting of wooden puzzles possible, which is a growing segment of the high-end puzzle market.
Many puzzles are termed “fully interlocking”. This means that adjacent pieces are connecting such that if you move one piece horizontally you move all, preserving the connection. Sometimes the connection is tight enough to pick up a solved part holding one piece.
Some fully interlocking puzzles have pieces all of a similar shape, with rounded tabs out on opposite ends, with corresponding blanks cut into the intervening sides to receive the tabs of adjacent pieces. Other fully interlocking puzzles may have tabs and blanks variously arranged on each piece, but they usually have four sides, and the numbers of tabs and blanks thus add up to four. The uniform-shaped fully interlocking puzzles are the most difficult, because the differences in shapes between pieces can be very subtle.
Some puzzles also have pieces with non-interlocking sides that are usually slightly curved in complex curves. These are actually the easiest puzzles to solve, since fewer other pieces are potential candidates for mating.
Most jigsaw puzzles are square, rectangular, or round, with edge pieces that have one side that is either straight or smoothly curved to create this shape, plus four corner pieces if the puzzle is square or rectangular. Some jigsaw puzzles have edge pieces that are cut just like all the rest of the interlocking pieces, with no smooth edge, to make them more challenging. Other puzzles are designed so the shape of the whole puzzle forms a figure, such as an animal. The edge pieces may vary more in these cases.
Since the earliest days of jigsaw puzzles the manufacturers have constantly endeavoured to create new cutting styles that differentiate their work. Even among modern, mass-produced puzzles there is considerable variation in the size, shape and intricacy of individual pieces.
The method of cutting pieces varies from puzzle line to puzzle line. Two puzzles of the same size and series from the same manufacturer usually have exactly the same cut, since the cutting dies are complex and expensive to make and so are used repeatedly from puzzle to puzzle. This enables disparate puzzles to be combined in odd ways. Larger puzzles are commonly cut into two or more sections.
More recently, technology such as computer controlled laser and water-jet cutting machines have been used to give a much wider range of interlocking designs in wood and other materials. These methods, however, have the undesirable effect of removing a small amount of material giving a loose fit with the adjoining pieces.
Beginning in the 1930s, jigsaw puzzles were cut using large hydraulic presses which now cost in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. The cuts gave a very snug fit, but the cost limited jigsaw puzzle manufacture only to large corporations. Recent the roller jigsaw Puzzle machine (https://www.alibaba.com/product-detail/Roller-style-Jigsaw-puzzle-machine-TYC30_60288780681.html?spm=a2747.manage.0.0.1f1c71d2lIwMJb) achieve the same effect, at a lower cost.
The most commonly-used approach to building a puzzle is to start by separating the edges from the inside pieces. Once the edges are connected it is easier to move inward. For those new to puzzles, it is recommended to choose one consisting of multiple areas with contrasting designs and colors. This enables the narrowing down of potential portions of the puzzle where a particular piece will fit.
One puzzle solving strategy is the use of the picture on the box as a guide. Once the edge is completed and the location of a particular piece is discovered (in the picture), it can be placed inside the overall puzzle at the approximate location it belongs. Done enough times and, eventually, interlocking the pieces will be possible.
Another approach is to sort the pieces by color, and work on one color at a time. When working large areas with the same color (such as the sky in many landscape puzzles), shape is important. All the pieces of a particular color can be laid in a grid and tried against other pieces in the grid.
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China-based manufacturer has come up with a rolling jigsaw puzzle machine that can be operated in the home. It’s perfect for sole proprietors and home-based businesses.
In addition to the puzzle machine and dies, all that’s needed is a computer, printer and occasionally a scanner (to adjust images). Jigscut offers steel rule dies for puzzle manufacturing companies and packing and printing industry and custom dies that can be used for scrapbooks and individual projects.
The rolling puzzle machine is simple enough to be set up in the home yet . It provides professional puzzles like the big manufacturers . Jigsaw puzzle dies produce puzzles from 2 to 3,000 pieces, so they can be marketed to all ages, they can be designed into most random designs, we have our designing teams on puzzles.
Jigscut wooden dies are also very durable. They can cut 20,000 times for the rolling puzzle machine, and last up to 100,000 times for professional puzzle press machines. Rolling puzzle machine and dies can also be used for custom projects made from a homemade photo, drawing or painting. You can basically do whatever you want and you can determine what image is to be used, the size of the puzzle and the number of pieces and design looking way. It’s great for making gifts that are really special.” Jigscut makes wooden dies for scrapbooking as well. These dies, which can be customized to individual orders, fit Sizzix and Accucut machines for a wide range of shapes and designs.
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In the print industry, die cutting is a process performed by a specialized machine to produce unique cutout shapes. Creative designs are turned into eye-catching cutout boxes, stickers, and many other items that highlight your product and promote your brand.
Think of a die cutter as a cookie cutter. The shape of the die is the exact shape that gets cut into the substrate. Simply put, it is a metal tool with a raised sharp edge for cutting. Dies come in a few different forms, including thin metal dies and steel rule dies. Steel rule dies are typically more durable and can cut thicker materials.
At Jigscut , we use many different types of dies that come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and styles. Each die is carefully selected or custom designed to meet individual project needs.
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The Future of Jigsaw Puzzles
Nowadays , more and more people play puzzles . Especially for children, there are many benefits to playing with puzzles . It can Cultivate the concept of plane combination, understand the meaning of sequence/order/logic, enhance the development of hand-eye coordination, cultivate observation skills, cultivate patience and concentration.
While the artwork used in puzzles is constantly changing to keep pace with current consumer tastes, there have been few manufacturing innovations in recent years. Nonetheless, there are areas from which future developments are likely to come. As noted above, quality customized wooden puzzles are gaining in popularity. One company, i.C. Ayer & Co. has developed novel computer-controlled water jets to automate the cutting of wooden puzzles. One new type of puzzle takes two-dimensional jigsaw puzzles and transforms them into three-dimensional puzzles. These puzzles feature die cut pieces which, when assembled, form a three dimensional sculpture. This approach is so novel it has been granted a United States patent (U.S. Patent # 5251900). Lastly, jigsaw puzzles of the future may be electronic without either cardboard or wood. These virtual puzzles are constructed by computer, and exist only on monitor screens. Special software allows puzzle aficionados to continue to enjoy the challenge of reassembling the scrambled pictures without the need for a physical construct.
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What is a die cutting machine?
New to card making or papercraft and asking yourself how to use a die cutting machine? In this article, we explain what a die-cut machine is and how to make the most of yours.
A die cutting machine is used to cut different shapes of paper using a die.
The die-cutting machine uses a combination of rollers and cutting plates to put pressure on a die and push it through the card or paper to create a shape with neat and precise outlines – this shape is called a die-cut.
Thinking about buying a new die-cut machine? Take a look at our best die-cutting machines review !
History of Die-Cutting
Believe it or not, die-cutting, or the act of cutting out shapes using dies, has a long history that dates back to the mid-1800s. According to Colvin Friedman, die cutting started as a way “to cut leather for the shoe industry more efficiently.” Back then, making shoes was very labor-intensive and time-consuming since the holes in the leather were individually punched by hand. The manual process yielded many inconsistencies between the shoes, hence the introduction of die cutting. Since then, cobblers were able to “create sole patterns that could be reliably replicated through the die cutting process.” With the advent of the mallet handle die cutting machine came the mass production of soles and standardized sizes for the masses.
It wasn’t until the early 1900s when further innovations in dies and die cutting machines were invented. The creation of the swing-arm clicker press helped the shoemaking industry and other industries to die cut different shapes and sizes with various sized and shaped dies. This then started the mass production of products like plastic, metal, tubing, and food items.
The 1950s saw the invention of hand-held die cutting tools and small table machines, which were mostly used for homes and schools. What started as a simple and convenient way to help cobblers speed up the shoemaking process has turned into a staple tool in every crafter’s home.
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About Jigsaw Puzzle
Patrick Stewart once called the world of jigsaw puzzles a
”secret ”society There were always high-profile fans , but most only whispered about their passion.
Now, with much of the world under lockdown and looking to kill time, jigsaw puzzles have taken on new role: a tool to save humanity. Australia’s prime minister, Scott Morrison, even referred to jigsaws as essential and allowed people to leave the house to buy them.
Celebrities and commoners, stuck in their homes, have shown off their puzzles. Ellen DeGeneres recorded her travails with a 4000-piece puzzle on Instagram.
Jigsaw puzzles were traditionally made by painting a picture on a flat piece of wood. A wood worker would then use a jigsaw to cut the board into smaller pieces. The puzzles became a commercial pastime in Europe around 1760, but, today, the jigsaws you find at a gift shop or toy store are made a bit differently to meet higher demand.
Watch the video above to see how Jigscut makes its puzzles.
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